Torque measurement system

Torque measurement system is intended for periodical control and endurance testing of various moving structural elements, e.g. turbine blades, etc.


of the torque measurement system

Statical tests
Dynamic tests
Complex tests
Test system verification
Sensors calibration

Operating principles

of torque measurement system

Depending on the particular task to be solved, there are two available configurations of the torque measurement system:

  • based on digital sensors of ZETSENSOR series;
  • based on strain-gauge station ZET 017-T8.

Torque measurement system

based on digital sensors of ZETSENSOR series

The sensing element of the torque measurement system is represented by a strain-gauge bridge used for the control of shaft deformation. Depending on the particular task, the torque measurement is performed by means of measurement module ZET 7110 (statical measurements) or ZET 7111 (dynamic measurements). A detailed manual on the connection of strain gauges to ZETSENSOR modules is available in the Clause “Establishing strain-gauge bridges“.

In the case of static measurements, data transfer to PC is performed by interface converter ZET 7174.

In the case of dynamic measurements, the data received from measuring module ZET 7111 is saved to the offline recorder ZET 7173 (the recorder is mounted on the rotor shaft together with the batteries used for power supply of the recorder).

Interface converter ZET 7174 is used for configuration of the instruments included into the scope of the measuring system.

Digital accelerometers ZET 7152-N or ZET 7152-E (laboratory version, plastic casing) are used for the vibration level control of the rotor shaft.

It is also possible to transfer the data by radio channel. Telemetering system ZET 7172 is used for wireless data transfer from the measuring network to the PC via interface converters ZET 7174 or ZET 7176 for further data processing. Module ZET 7172-S included into the scope of the telemetering system, has an integrated linear acceleration sensor ZET 7152-N, which allows to determine rotation frequency value without implementing any additional measuring instruments.

Torque measurement system by ZETLAB - system components layout

Module ZET 7172-S is mounted on the rotating element in such a way so that Z axis of the integrated sensor ZET 7152-N would be transverse to the rotation axis, and Y axis would be aligned with the shaft curve.

Torque measurement system by ZETLAB - Signal analysis with the use of multi-channel oscilloscope program

Torque measurement system by ZETLAB - viewing the controlled signal in the program Narrowband spectrum

The system is scalable and perfectly suits for the measurement performance in the case if the measurement points are located far from each other.

For the purpose of measurements performance, there is used a program included into the scope of SCADA ZETVIEW.

Torque measurement system by ZETLAB - SCADA system ZETVIEW - viewing the torque parameter dynamics

Torque measurement with the use of ZETSENSOR module

System deployment for shaft torque measurement

The torque measurement system can be implemented as an independent system or be a constituent part of the measurement system based on the digital modules of ZETSENSOR series.

Torque measurement system as an integral part of a complex measurement system based on modules of ZETSENSOR series

Torque measurement system can also be used for the control of rotary oscillations attributed to changes in the dynamics of torque value in time domain and to the fluctuations in the resistance level. In this case, it is necessary to use two standard units of the system, which should be mounted at the opposite sections of the shaft. The program “Non-linear distortions analysis” from the scope of ZETLAB ANALIZ is used for torsional oscillation frequency measurements.


In the course of torsiography and engine shaft torsional oscillations measurements, the parameters of torsional oscillations are calculated based on tilt angle and shaft rotation frequency. Due to this, it is necessary to register the shaft tilt angle in relation to the top dead center (hereinafter referred to as TDC).

In order to solve this task, there is used digital accelerometer ZET 7152-N, which is included into the scope of the dynamic testing system based on modules of ZETSENSOR series. The transducer can be mounted directly on the shaft or at some distance (R) from the shaft rotation axis. As a rule, at the rotating elements of electrical motors there is placed a special label, which corresponds to the TDC. The accuracy of measurements depends on the position of accelerometer’s sensing element in relation to the zero label of shaft position.

The calculations will be conducted based on zero position at Y axis, the direction of sensing elements axes should be as follows:

  • axis X — along the axis of shaft rotation;
  • axis Z — towards the shaft rotation axis.

ZET-7152-N-direction of sensing elements axes for torsional oscillations measurement

Torsional oscillations measurements - Polar coordinates graph of rotary oscillations

This type of transducer positioning allows to control several important parameters:

  • Axis X – axial acceleration (this value allows to register shaft play).
  • Axis Y – alternating acceleration ±1 g, (the parameter does not depend on the shaft rotation velocity). In polar coordinates the shaft postion corresponds to the following readings:
    • for 0° and 180° the readings of Y axis will be 0 g;
    • for the rotation at 90° the readings by Y axis will be 1 g;
    • for the rotation at 270° the readings by Y axis will be -1 g.
  • Axis Z – radial acceleration, which is calculated with the formula  f²4π²R, as well as modulation ±1 g by Y axis.

Hence, the R distance should be selected in such a way, so that the radial acceleration  ac would not exceed the value of 8 g for accelerometer ZET 7152-N (∼400 g for accelerometer при использовании ZET 7152-E respectively).

For instance, for rotation velocity of 300 RPM the distance should not exceed 40 mm.

Torque measurement system

based on strain-gauge system ZET 017-T8

The sensing element of the torque measurement system is represented by a torque sensor. For the purpose of particular specimen testing there is used a special platform with mounting fixture for the torque sensor and the tested specimen. In the course of measurements performance, the torque sensor should be firmly attached to the platform and the rotating specimen.

Torque measurement system platform


Torque sensor: mounting technique

torque system: mounting

The torque sensor is connected to the strain-gauge station ZET 017-T8. ZETLAB TENZO Software delivered together with the strain-gauge station enables all types of measurements, including torsiography.

Integrated strain-gauge station generator provides the power supply for the sensor. It is possible to configure the corresponding parameters in the “Signal generator” program.

In order to measure the torque with a strain-gauge sensor and a strain-gauge sensor, there is used a program “Strain-gauge meter“. It is necessary to specify the required sensitivity level and the measurement limits in the program settings. The torque value is depicted in the corresponding indicator of the program.

Multichannel oscilloscope” program allows to create a graph of torque characteristics dynamics. It is possible to select a signal to be displayed from the signals, created by the program “Strain-gauge meter“.

Complete inspection in automated mode

For the purpose of complete measurement performance, there is used a control unit, which establishes connection between the output of the tested unit and the strain gauge station, as well as provides supply of test signals from the strain gauge module to the tested unit. The scope of automated test system also includes programmable power supply source.

Torque measurement system - components layout

The tests are performed in automated mode by means of task-specific software “Torque measurement system” implemented in SCADA ZETVIEW. An example of program operation is shown in the figure below. Upon tests completion, there is produced a report with measurements results, graphs, and characteristics of the tested specimen.

torque measurement program operation


of torque measurement system


complex tests in automated mode


of the measurement system depending on the task to be solved

Approved system

the system incorporates certified components


stable characteristics throughout operational life

Remote operation*

the measuring instruments and the WKS cab be located at considerable distance from each other

Test reports

are produced automatically in accordance with the selected template

* Torque measurement system based on the transducers of ZETSENSOR series

Test system verification methodics

For the purpose of test system verification and calibration of the torque sensors, there is used a special torque measurement instrument placed on the mounting fixture and having two branches. The measurements are performed by means of strain-gauge station ZET 017-T8 and task-specific software ZETLAB TENZO. The “Strain-gauge meter” program is used for torque measurement.

Calibration of torque sensors

Kit for calibration of the torque measurement system

torque sensors: calibration

set-up for the test system verification - side view

The weights with certain mass are sequentially attached to one of the two branches at a certain distance, which leads to the change of the torque value. For instance, when a 100 gr weight is attached to the branch at the distance of 100 mm, the torque value will be 0,1 Nm, for the weight 50 gr the value will be 0,05 Nm, for 200gr – 0,2 Nm.

Configuration options

of the torque measurement system

Measuring system based on the transducers of ZETSENSOR series (statical tests) POR (price on request)

  • Strain-gauge sensors
  • Strain-gauge sensor  ZET 7110
  • Interface converter ZET 7174 or ZET 7176
  • Kit for strain-gauges deposition
  • Signal recorder-reproducer

Measuring system based on the transducers of ZETSENSOR series (offline automated tests) POR (price on request)

  • Strain-gauge sensors
  • Digital strain-gauge ZET 7111
  • Digital accelerometer ZET 7152-N or ZET 7152-E in plastic casing
  • Interface converter ZET 7174 or ZET 7176
  • Offline recorder ZET 7173
  • Battery with charging device
  • Kit for strain-gauges deposition
  • Signals recorder-reproducer
  • SCADA-project “Shaft torque measurement”
  • SCADA-system ZETVIEW

Measurement system based on transducers of ZETSENSOR series (dynamic measurements in real-time mode) POR (price on request)

Measuring system based on a strain-gauge station POR (price on request)

  • Torque sensor
  • Telemetering station ZET 017-T8
  • Off-line recorder and flash-drive option
  • SCADA-project “Shaft torque measurement”
  • SCADA-system ZETVIEW

Torque measurement system can also be used as a torsiograph for detection of critical load. It is necessary to consider specimen parameters when choosing the measuring instrument:

  • at low rotation speed it is recommended to use measuring system based on the devices of ZETSENSOR series for dynamic measurements in real-time mode;
  • at high rotation speed, it is recommended to use measuring system based on devices of ZETSENSOR series for off-line dynamic measurements.

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